Last edited by Nigor
Saturday, July 18, 2020 | History

3 edition of Human Chromosomes found in the catalog.

Human Chromosomes

by Orlando J. Miller

  • 88 Want to read
  • 22 Currently reading

Published by Springer .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cellular biology,
  • Genetics (non-medical),
  • Human biology & related topics,
  • Medical genetics,
  • Chromosomes,
  • Human Genetics,
  • Science,
  • Medical / Nursing,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Anatomy,
  • Genetics,
  • Science / Biology,
  • Life Sciences - Biology - General,
  • Life Sciences - Genetics & Genomics,
  • Human chromosome abnormalities,
  • Human chromosomes,
  • Human cytogenetics

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages501
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9332769M
    ISBN 100387950311
    ISBN 109780387950310

      Chromosomes determine everything from hair color and eye color to sex. Whether you are a male or female depends on the presence or absence of certain chromosomes. Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes for a total of There are 22 pairs of autosomes (non-sex chromosomes) and one pair of sex : Regina Bailey. Chromosome, the microscopic threadlike part of the cell that carries hereditary information in the form of genes.A defining feature of any chromosome is its compactness. For instance, the 46 chromosomes found in human cells have a combined length of nm (1 nm = 10 − 9 metre); if the chromosomes were to be unraveled, the genetic material they contain would measure .

    The chromosome 22 team has deduced the text of one chapter of the human genetic instruction book. The next mammoth task is to determine what it all means. Sequencing and mapping efforts have already revealed that chromosome 22 is implicated in the workings of the immune system, congenital heart disease, schizophrenia, mental retardation, birth. Chromosomes are the physical carriers of genes, consisting of DNA and associated proteins. Bacteria typically have one circular chromosome, while eukaryotes usually have linear chromosomes and vary widely in their sizes and numbers of chromosomes. All chromosomes have the capacity to transmit genes faithfully during cell division.

      Critical to the accurate diagnosis of human illness is the need to distinguish clinical features that fall within the normal range from those that do not. That distinction is often challenging and not infrequently requires considerable experience at the bedside. It is not surprising that accurate cytogenetic diagnosis is also often a challenge, especially when chromosome .   Karyograms are images of real chromosomes. Each eukaryotic species has its nuclear genome divided among a number of chromosomes that is characteristic of that species. For example, a haploid human nucleus (i.e. sperm or egg) normally has 23 chromosomes (n=23), and a diploid human nucleus has 23 pairs of chromosomes (2n=46).


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Human Chromosomes by Orlando J. Miller Download PDF EPUB FB2

The mapping and molecular analysis of chromosomes is one of the most exciting and active areas of modern biomedical research, and this book will be invaluable to scientists, students, technicians and physicians with an interest in the function and dysfunction of chromosomes.3/5(1).

This is the fourth edition of an acclaimed introductory textbook on the structure and function of human chromosomes.

The explosion of information on human genetic diseases has meant that there is a greater need than ever for students, practising.

Human Chromosomes: An Illustrated Introduction to Human Cytogenetics focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in the study of human chromosomes.

The publication first offers information on the cell and its activity, particularly Human Chromosomes book that the cell is the basic unit that forms the organs and tissues of the human body.

Human Chromosomes: An Illustrated Introduction to Human Cytogenetics focuses on the processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in the study of human chromosomes. The publication first offers information on the cell and its activity, particularly noting that the cell is the basic unit that forms the organs and tissues of the human Edition: 1.

The explosion of information on human genetic diseases has meant that there is a greater need than ever for students, practising physicians, laboratory technicians, and researchers to have a concise, up-to-date summary of the normal and abnormal behavior of chromosomes.

This book continues to fulfill that need, and is strengthened by the complete revision of material on the molecular genetics of chromosomes and chromosomal. The fourth edition of this well-known text provides students, researchers and technicians in the area of medicine, genetics and cell biology with a concise, Human Chromosomes book introduction to the structure and behavior of human chromosomes.

This new edition continues to cover both basic and up-to-date material on normal and defective chromosomes, yet is particularly 5/5(2). Matt Ridley is the award-winning, bestselling author of several books, including The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves; Genome: The Autobiography of a Species in 23 Chapters; and The Red Queen: Sex Human Chromosomes book the Evolution of Human Nature.

His books have sold more than one million copies in thirty languages by: Each of the approximately 10 13 cells in the adult human body has its own copy or copies of the genome, the only exceptions being those few cell types, such as red blood cells, that lack a nucleus in their fully differentiated state.

The vast majority of cells are diploid and so have two copies of each autosome, plus two sex chromosomes, XX for females or XY for males - 46 chromosomes Cited by: Chromosome 1 is the largest and is over three times bigger than chromosome The 23rd pair of chromosomes are two special chromosomes, X and Y, that determine our sex.

Females have a pair of X chromosomes (46, XX), whereas males have one X and one Y chromosomes (46, XY). Chromosomes are made of DNA, and genes are special units of chromosomal DNA. This book, like the two previous editions, was written as an introduction to human cytogenetics, but it could also be used as a text for a general cytogenetics course, since chromosome structure and behavior are similar in all eukaryotes.

Many examples in this book are from organisms other than. Chromosomes are the form of the genetic material of a cell during cell division. See the "Chromosomes" section for additional information. The human genome has 23 pairs of chromosomes located in the nucleus of somatic cells.

Each chromosome is composed of genes and other DNA wound around histones (proteins) into a tightly coiled molecule. A state-of-the-art presentation of the technology for studying human chromosomes, this book serves as a basic techniques manual designed to present the current working protocols in cytogenetics.

Beginning with a description of tissue culture procedures for all tissue types from blood to solid tumors. Chromosome 6 is a prophetic thriller that challenges the medical ethics of genetic manipulation and cloning in the jungles of equatorial Africa, where one mistake could bridge the gap between man and ape--and forever change the genetic map of our/5.

This book will be valuable resource for plant, animal and human geneticists and cell biologists. Originally a zoologist, Adrian Sumner has spent over 25 years studying human and other mammalian chromosomes with the Medical Research Council (UK).

Purchase Molecular Structure of Human Chromosomes - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes. In fact, each species of plants and animals has a set number of chromosomes.

A fruit fly, for example, has four pairs of chromosomes, while a rice plant has 12 and a dog, How many chromosomes do humans have. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes.

This book will be valuable resource for plant, animal and human geneticists and cell biologists. Originally a zoologist, Adrian Sumner has spent over 25 years studying human and other mammalian chromosomes with the Medical Research Council (UK).

One of the pioneers of chromosome banding, he has used electron microscopy and immunofluorescence to. Get this from a library.

Human chromosomes. [Orlando J Miller; Eeva Therman] -- This is the fourth edition of an acclaimed introductory textbook on the structure and function of human chromosomes.

The book is strengthened by the complete revision of material on the molecular. Humans and great apes differ in chromosome numbers—humans have 46 while apes have The difference is claimed to be due to the “end-to-end fusion” of two small, ape-like chromosomes in a human-ape ancestor that joined in the distant past and formed human chromosome 2.

This idea was first proposed by researchers who noticed that humans and. 1 Basic Concepts of Human Genetics • The genetic information of an individual is contained in 23 pairs of chromosomes.

Every human cell contains the 23 pair of chromosomes. • One pair is called sex chromosomes Male: XY Female: XX • Other 22 pairs of homologous chromosomes are called autosomes.

• The autosome chromosome pairs are called homologous Size: KB. Human cells each have 46 chromosomes, consisting of 23 nearly identical pairs.

These chromosomes contain the genetic material of the cell, which determine how a person’s body develops and functions. Hence, abnormalities in chromosomes such as deletions, insertions, and duplications can be fatal.A presentation of the technology for studying human chromosomes, this book serves as a basic techniques manual designed to present the current working protocols in cytogenetics.: Human Chromosomes () by Verma, Ram S.; Babu, Arvind and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great : Paperback.